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underground mining surveying techniques instruments

Underground Surveying Methods and Applications

07/02/2016  What is Underground Surveying? Underground surveying embraces the survey operations performed beneath the surface of the earth in connection with tunneling, exploration and construction in subterranean passageways. It is quite different from surveying on the surface. The following peculiarities of underground

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(PDF) MODERN SURVEY INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USE IN

MODERN SURVEY INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USE IN MINE SURVEYING P.P. Bahuguna**, Dheeraj Kumar**, Sunil Kumar*** *Associate Professor, ** Sr. Lecturer, ** Senior Technical Assistant Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad - 826004 ABSTRACT Although surveying techniques have always played a primary role in collecting data for mapping, recently new Instruments and methods

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Surveying Technology Equipment uGPS / Peck Tech

29/07/2015  In the field of surveying technology equipment used in underground mines, like in many industries, there has been a move away from the use of outdated and often inadequate instruments to state-of-the art equipment. Laser-based mine scanners are a typical example of this trend and are steadily replacing more traditional surveying equipment that relies on older technology and techniques.

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Chapter 13: Underground Surveying Engineering360

Underground surveying is quite different from surveying on the surface. In tunnelling or mining operations it may be hot, wet, dark, cramped, dusty, dirty and dangerous, and usually most of these. The essential problem in underground surveying is that of orientating the underground surveys to the ...

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Underground Surveying - Point of Beginning Magazine

29/09/2000  Because of the mud and the constant traffic of mining equipment, it is not practical to set points in the bottom of the seam. Surveys are generally run on the centerline of the mine areas. Points are set by first drilling a small hole in the roof about 3/4" deep, into which a round wooden plug is driven. Then the survey point is marked by driving a metal spad into the plug. A spad looks like a ...

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Underground Mining Methods and Equipment

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Underground Mining Methods and Equipment - S. Okubo and J. Yamatomi ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 2. Strength of the hanging wall, footwall, and ore body. 3. Economic value of the ore and grade distribution within the deposit.

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Mine surveying: The transition from surface to underground

infrastructure for mass-mining. First underground production is planned for 2021. The need to include the survey discipline from the outset of the project has risen as key to the successful delivery of a quality project. Survey errors and delays can have significant safety, schedule and cost impacts. Survey should always be considered in the “planning and design” phases. This will be dealt ...

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Underground Mining Surveying Techniques Instruments

Underground Mining Surveying Techniques Instruments. We have unique technical advantages in crushing, beneficiation, grinding, building materials and other fields. Now we serve customers in more than 160 countries and regions around the world, making them obtain huge wealth. We are constantly innovating in technology and committed to improving the user experience. If you need, please contact ...

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A manual of underground surveying - Civil Engineering

AMANUALOF UNDERGROUND SURVEYING BY LOYALWINGATETRUMBULL,E.M. ConsultingMiningEngineer;formerlyProfessorofMining,University ofWyoming;formerlyUnitedStatesDeputyMineral ...

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Mine Surveying Technical Aspects of Mining Extractives

Mine surveying. Mining regulations normally require mines to maintain plans and sections of the surface and any underground workings. Regulations may require these documents to be provided to the government. Regulations normally specify requirements for being up-to-date, in months. It is important to maintain accurate plans for the use of current and future land users so that the positions of ...

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Mine Surveying Instruments Article about Mine

Instruments for surveying underground cavities are internal tachymeters, the sectograph, ultrasonic instruments such as the Luch station, and sonar. Dipping compasses are used for surveying boreholes. Among the instruments used for office work are planimeters, pantographs, photocopying devices, drawing tools, calculators, and Drobyshev rules. Precision geodetic instruments (universal ...

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Underground Mining Methods and Equipment

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Underground Mining Methods and Equipment - S. Okubo and J. Yamatomi ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 2. Strength of the hanging wall, footwall, and ore body. 3. Economic value of the ore and grade distribution within the deposit.

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Mining And Underground Surveying

underground mining surveying techniques instruments. underground mining surveying techniques instruments. Heavy construction equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks. Read more

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Underground survey - SlideShare

11/05/2015  Underground Surveying Equipment and Monitoring Systems • Surveying interface system • Leica fieldPro is a remarkable surveying interface that combines AutoCAD’s 3D CAD 11. • 3D mine design and data measurement software • Leica fieldPro is the latest integration of mining technology offering immediate return on investment. It has the following features: • Face mapping can

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Underground Mining Methods

Underground Mining Methods Backgrounder describing the mining method. Watch for key ideas that relate to the criteria set out in step 1 above. b)Pick one animation to watch a second time and reflect back on the mining method description you just read. In the video, look out for examples of the following: Cave Jumbo Open pit Raise Backfill material Drift Mineral Ore pass Room Bolting Drilling ...

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Mining And Underground Surveying -

mining survey equipment for underground BINQ Mining. Mar 24, 2013 Underground Mining Surveying Techniques Instruments – mineral If you are looking to buy mining processing equipment you got to the right place!

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Coal Exploration and Mining - EOLSS

two basic methods of extracting coal, i.e. surface mining and underground mining, are introduced. Firstly, two main methods—strip mining and open-pit mining—of surface mining are discussed. In underground mining, room and pillar, shortwall, and longwall mining methods are introduced. Finally, a brief prospect for coal exploration and mining

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3D Tunnel Mapping uGPS / Peck Tech

3D tunnel mapping has revolutionized the way mine surveying is done. In order to keep up-to-date on exactly what is going on in an underground operation, mine engineers often survey the inside of mine tunnels. In the past, this was done by means of several, primarily manual, surveying techniques.

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What are the duties of the mine surveyor?

A person who is carrying out a survey at a mine must ensure the survey: uses instruments and equipment of a precision equal to current best industry standards and technology; is to a standard that accords with good engineering practice ; is to an accuracy of not less than 1:5,000. In certain cases, a district inspector may approve (in writing) a survey undertaken by means other than those ...

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UNDERGROUND UTILITY MAPPING AND ITS CHALLENGES IN

knowledge and technique. This paper presents the role of JUPEM as a main driver in utility mapping, utility agencies, land surveyors and the land surveying profesion to meet the demand and challenges in executing the underground utility mapping in Malaysia. TS05J - Mining and Underground Engineering Surveying II, 5636 Hasan JAMIL, Zoher NOMANBHOY, Mohd Yunus MOHD YUSOFF Underground

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Mine Surveying Instruments Article about Mine

Instruments for surveying underground cavities are internal tachymeters, the sectograph, ultrasonic instruments such as the Luch station, and sonar. Dipping compasses are used for surveying boreholes. Among the instruments used for office work are planimeters, pantographs, photocopying devices, drawing tools, calculators, and Drobyshev rules. Precision geodetic instruments (universal ...

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Construction surveying - Wikipedia

Equipment and techniques used in mining and tunneling. Total stations are the primary survey instrument used in mining surveying. [citation needed] Underground mining. A total station is used to record the absolute location of the tunnel walls' , ceilings (backs), and floors as the drifts of an

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(PDF) Underground mining Methods - ResearchGate

Longwall mining is a highly mechaniz ed underground mining sys tem for mining coal. It set of longwall mining equipment consists of a coal shear er mounted on convey or operating

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UNDERGROUND MINE VENTILATION SURVEY

4.2 Air distribution in different coal mining methods 8 4.2.1 Bord and pillar method 8 4.2.2 Longwall method 8 4.3 Types of ventilation systems 9 4.4 Other ventilation system 10 4.5 Equivalent orifice 12 4.6 Mine resistances 12 4.6.1 Laws of mine air friction 13 4.7 Mine system and control devices 13 5 METHODOLOGY 18-37 5.1 Air quantity surveys 18 5.2 Pressure surveys 18 5.3 Equipment’s ...

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Mine Surveyor - Underground Mine Surveying

Surveying is just one of many resources or skills required in the mining process and as such, the intention of this website is to demonstrate the involvement of mainly this profession in the mining industry. Note (20-08-10): the underground surveying section is currently under construction and will be availabe over the next few months. Thanks for viewing. Site Navigation. Mining Basics ...

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Correlation Survey for Shaft Deepening in Digwadih ...

18/05/2000  This present paper describes an exercise taken up for the first time in India to transfer the center of a mine shaft from the surface to different seams in the underground mine with the help of modern instruments and techniques using a laser beam, gyro-theodolite, and total station. The results are discussed. The method is found to be easy, accurate, and less time-consuming.

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Recent changes in underground traversing techniques

31/08/2014  Recently, this technique has become popular in underground mining op-erations in Western Australia and with this growing popularity it is important that surveying professionals have an in-depth understanding of methodology, accuracy and limitations of the technique. The authors of this paper analyse and compare propagation of errors in “wall stations traversing” in relation to a classical ...

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Underground mapping - Geotec surveys

A full underground mapping survey is the most comprehensive on the market. Learn more. Geophysical Surveying. Using proven geophysical methods, GEOTEC Surveys map the sub-surface environment to inform invasive investigations, prior to excavating, tunnelling and drilling taking place. Learn more. Desktop Utility Studies. Collate all the 'stats' you have received onto a single drawing ...

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Application of the New Mine Surveying Methods for Purposes ...

the orientation side underground and in the position of the terminal points of this orientation side. These deviations are set by the Regulation of the Czech Mining Authority no. 435/1992 Coll. on the Mining Survey Documentation for the Purposes of Mining Activities and Some Other Activities Performed by Mining Methods, as amended.

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UNDERGROUND UTILITY MAPPING AND ITS CHALLENGES IN

knowledge and technique. This paper presents the role of JUPEM as a main driver in utility mapping, utility agencies, land surveyors and the land surveying profesion to meet the demand and challenges in executing the underground utility mapping in Malaysia. TS05J - Mining and Underground Engineering Surveying II, 5636 Hasan JAMIL, Zoher NOMANBHOY, Mohd Yunus MOHD YUSOFF Underground

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